AUGUSTA, Maine (AP) — Maine voters are poised to become the first group of voters in U.S. history to be able to use a ranked style of voting for president, following a ruling by the secretary of state Wednesday.
Maine voters approved a switch to ranked choice voting with a statewide vote in 2016. A state law change later extended the voting system to presidential elections in Maine.
The Maine GOP gathered signatures to try to force a people’s veto vote on the law change. That would have kept ranked choice voting off presidential ballots in the state this year, because voters would have had to decide then whether to retain the voting method.
Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap said that the Republicans’ effort doesn’t have enough valid signatures to force that vote. Republicans submitted 72,512 signatures, but only 61,334 were valid — more than 1,600 short of the threshold, he said.
Maine GOP Executive Director Jason Savage said the party was surprised by Dunlap’s ruling, and is likely to challenge it.
Ranked choice voting allows voters to rank candidates when there are more than two in a race. It comes into play if no candidate cracks 50% of the first-place vote. That eliminates bottom finishers, and triggers a reallocation of second-place votes.
The use of ranked choice voting in Maine could impact the outcome of a tight presidential election. Maine has four electoral votes. It’s also one of two states that apportions individual electoral vote to the winners of its congressional districts. The other is Nebraska.
The 2nd Congressional District is expected to be especially close. President Donald Trump won the district in 2016. Hillary Clinton won the rest of the state’s electoral votes.
Maine also uses ranked choice voting for U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate races. Tabulations are expected this week to determine the winner of the state’s Republican primary in the 2nd Congressional District.